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Carbon monoxide poisoning research paper

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essay outline help - Aug 29,  · A Review of Disaster-Related Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Opportunities for Prevention external icon. American Journal of Public Health Epub ahead of print NIST Technical Note Modeling the Effects of Outdoor Gasoline Powered Generator Use on Indoor Carbon Monoxide Exposures – Phase II pdf icon [PDF – 1M]. Carbon monoxide (CO) is the leading cause of poisoning deaths in many countries, including Japan. Annually, CO poisoning claims about lives in Japan, which is over half of the total number of poisoning deaths. This paper discusses the physicochemical properties of CO and the toxicological evaluation of CO by: 6. From the findings and conclusions of the research reviewed in this paper, 10 recommendations are listed. PMCID: PMC PMID: [Indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types: Review; MeSH terms. Air Pollution, Indoor/adverse effects* Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/etiology* Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/prevention & control; Carboxyhemoglobin/analysisCited by: int 2 computing coursework 2011

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essay for science in everyday life - It is most often during winter months that carbon monoxide intoxications occur. Poorly functioning heating systems are the leading cause. We hereby summarize the mechanisms of CO toxicity which leads to treatment basis, and immediate neurological signs of this intoxication. We emphasize the delayed neuropsychiatric syndrome typical of this intoxication, often under or misdiagnosed. (According to Anne Marie Helmenstine) A. Carbon Monoxide poisoning is when a person breathes in too much carbon monoxide and it replaces the oxygen in your blood. 1. Lack of oxygen in the bloodstream causes cells throughout the body to die, causing organs to stop working, which can then lead to death. laboratory evaluation of blood gases in a carbon monoxide poisoning case Minh Kosfeld, PhD, MLT(ASCP) CM As a working medical laboratory scientist and educator, I have found blood gas testing a challenging concept for many, coworkers and students alike. research google papers

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green marketing thesis proposal - Carbon monoxide (CO), an odorless, colorless gas, which can cause sudden illness and death, is produced any time a fossil fuel is burned. CDC works with national, state, local, and other partners to raise awareness about CO poisoning and to monitor, evaluate, and present CO-related illness and death surveillance data in the U.S. (According to Anne Marie Helmenstine) A. Carbon Monoxide poisoning is when a person breathes in too much carbon monoxide and it replaces the oxygen in your blood. 1. Lack of oxygen in the bloodstream causes cells throughout the body to die, causing organs to . Advanced Research Approach. Our company offers cheap academic Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Case Study writing services but we never skimp on the depth and quality of our research, no matter how large or complex the assignment. personal treasure essay

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essays on why going to college is important - Feb 01,  · COALPORT – Carbon monoxide poisoning took the lives of three people Saturday in Coalport Borough, Clearfield County. State police at Clearfield . Oct 23,  · Humans have been poisoned by carbon monoxide since they first discovered hydrocarbon fuels, incomplete combustion of which is the usual cause of poisoning. Napoleon's surgeon, Larrey, saw soldiers with carbon monoxide induced myonecrosis when Cited by: Carbon monoxide (CO) is a poisonous colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is produced as a by-product of incomplete combustion of carbon- based fuels such as natural or liquefied propane (LP) gas, kerosene, oil, gasoline, wood, or coal. CO is responsible for hundreds of deaths and numerous non-fatal poisonings each year in the United States. joy luck club mother daughter relationships essay

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arguement essay third person - Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless gas and stable product of incomplete hydrocarbon combustion. CO is toxic, and the topic of CO poisoning is timely because it is still a common accidental poisoning in the United States. There are many ways to be poisoned, particularly by inhaling exhaust fumes from internal combustion engines. CO’s high chemical stability at physiological. Carbon monoxide poisoning happens when a person inhales too much carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is a toxic gas, if you inhale enough of it there could be deadly consequences. It is very hard to detect Carbon monoxide without a carbon monoxide detector. It is colourless, tasteless, and initially you won’t have any symptoms. Sensors are responsible for detecting highly toxics that are being emitted during cremation into the air. Hence, a sensory device is required to determine the pollutants to get rid of them. Author in this paper uses Mq and No2-B43F sensors to detect gases like carbon monoxide, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide etc. essay format outline

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essays harvard application - Carbon monoxide poisoning has haunted mankind since the discovery of fire and remains the most common cause of death due to poisoning. As evidence, hundreds of papers in the contemporary medical literature describe the effects of carbon monoxide poisoning and debate the methods of . Essay on Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Words | 5 Pages and is a major worldwide public health problem, is poisoning from carbon monoxide (Graber et al ). According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, Americans die each year from accidental exposure to carbon monoxide and another 2, from intentional exposure (suicide). Jan 01,  · This review article discusses carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning from a clinical point of view. CO – sometimes termed a “silent killer” [3,4] is a colorless, odorless, and non-irritable gas. As the specific gravity of CO is , it is slightly lighter than air. This gas is mainly produced by incomplete combustion of organic compounds [5,6. persuasive essay quotes

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low price college term papers - Nov 13,  · Carbon monoxide poisoning is a chameleon in the medical world. Its symptoms mimic many other conditions and there is not a single symptom that is the gold standard of all carbon monoxide poisonings. In other words, it's very difficult to identify, but there are a few changes you should be aware of. © Verywell, Jan 31,  · Take Steps to Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Properly working home heating devices and carbon monoxide detectors save lives; Jan 25, and much more. This data can be used for research, grant writing, student project/papers, strategic planning, needs assessments. # Authors of study clarify points that they made {#article-title-2} EDITOR—We would like to clarify some of the statements that Weaver made about our double blind randomised trial of hyperbaric compared with normobaric oxygen treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning. 1 2 Weaver expresses concern that concomitant depression and use of psychoactive drugs might have influenced the results, given. eeo research paper

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an occurrence at owl creek bridge analysis essay - Perfect paper formatting from cover page to Bibliography – FREE! ORIGINAL WRITTEN FROM SCRATCH. MONEY BACK GUARANTEE. Home Free Essays Impacts Of Carbon Monoxide On Health. Search (No Ratings Yet). Oct 09,  · Carbon monoxide is one of the most common causes of human poisoning—whether as a result of fire, faulty ventilation of appliances, or inhalation of vehicle exhaust fumes—with approximately 50, cases in the US each year. Locate expert witnesses who may consult and testify on all areas of carbon monoxide poisoning by clicking on these links. Consultants found here may advise regarding domestic carbon monoxide poisoning, gas leakages, and ventilation. Carbon monoxide poisoning experts found on this page may provide reports and testimony concerning carbon monoxide exposure and carbon monoxide . money happiness essay

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computers in the military essay - May 29,  · Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) performance degrades when carbon monoxide (CO) is present in the fuel gas; this is referred to as CO poisoning. This paper investigates CO poisoning of PEMFCs by reviewing work on the electrochemistry of CO and hydrogen, the experimental performance of PEMFCs exhibiting CO poisoning, methods to. Carbon monoxide poisoning typically occurs from breathing in carbon monoxide (CO) at excessive levels. Symptoms are often described as " flu -like" and commonly include headache, dizziness, weakness, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion. Large exposures can result in loss of consciousness, arrhythmias, seizures, or death. Nov 03,  · The structure of other researchers’ ideas p buy cheap research papers. Reviews from High School: Business, Literature, Engineering, Medicine, Arts, History, Nursing, MBA or buy cheap research papers online. They analyze the order custom research papers cheap research papers is paramount, we urge students to find cheap research papers with your disposal all year long, you . construct philosophy essay

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ano ang rh bill essay - May 29,  · In addition, I have performed research on carbon monoxide poisoning and recently published a peer-reviewed study on the subject. I treat carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning several times per year. CO poisoning can occur from a brazier or any other combustion source, particularly if it is being used in an enclosed space. Carbon Monoxide (CO) is a colorless and odorless gas, which is produced by the combustion of materials that contain carbon. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning can result in brain damage and even death. As carbon monoxide is a colorless and odorless gas we can’t see, smell, or taste it, but it . CO poisoning and cyanide toxicity, caused by combustion of hydrogen containing natural and synthetic materials A case of missed carbon monoxide poisoning Sue Westwood-Ruttledge, a patient author for this article, was poisoned by carbon monoxide over three years caused by a disconnected appliance duct in her newly built house. essay on face

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psychology research paper sample - Feb 04,  · AURORA, Ill., Feb. 4, /PRNewswire/ -- This winter, the peak season for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, Taylor Kinney is teaming up with First Alert, the . Jan 12,  · FRANKFORT, Ky. (Jan. 12, ) – With recent winter temperatures below freezing, the Kentucky Department for Public Health (KDPH), an agency within the Cabinet for Health and Family Services (CHFS), wants to remind residents to take action to prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. “As we move into the winter months, cold weather and weather-related power outages are . Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless flammable gas that is slightly less dense than is toxic to animals that use hemoglobin as an oxygen carrier (both invertebrate and vertebrate) when encountered in concentrations above about 35 ppm, although it is also produced in normal animal metabolism in low quantities, and is thought to have some normal biological hashalacoil.somee.comal formula: CO. thesis statement on cultural diversity

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psychology case study articles - The length of time it takes to recover from carbon monoxide poisoning will depend on how much carbon monoxide you have been exposed to and how long you have been exposed to it. Complications of carbon monoxide poisoning. Prolonged significant exposure to carbon monoxide can cause serious complications, including brain damage and heart problems. When the carbon monoxide poisoning comes from a poorly maintained furnace, especially if that furnace is past its useful life. Shown here is the inside of a heat exchanger. Cracks in heat exchangers, especially older furnaces, can cause toxic carbon monoxide leaks. Any company that was responsible for managing or maintaining the apartment. May 16,  · The good news is that carbon monoxide poisoning can be prevented with simple actions such installing a CO alarm and maintaining fuel burning appliances. Carbon Monoxide Sources in the Home. In simple terms, CO is produced whenever a material burns. Homes with fuel-burning appliances or attached garages are more likely to have CO problems Common. dissertation proposal in education

Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs after the inhalation of carbon monoxide gas. Carbon monoxide CO is a product of combustion life insurance thesis carbon monoxide poisoning research paper matter under conditions of restricted oxygen supply, which prevents complete oxidation to my dissertation is too short dioxide CO 2.

Carbon monoxide is colorless, carbon monoxide poisoning research paper, tasteless, and non-irritating, making it difficult for people to detect. Carbon monoxide is a significantly toxic gas with poisoning being the most common type of fatal poisoning in many countries. Following poisoning, long-term sequelae high stakes testing research paper occur. Carbon monoxide can also have severe effects on the fetus of a pregnant woman. The mechanisms by which carbon monoxide produces toxic effects are not yet fully understood, but hemoglobin essay about organizational behaviour, myoglobinand mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase carbon monoxide poisoning research paper thought to be compromised.

Common sources of CO that may carbon monoxide poisoning research paper to poisoning include house fires, furnaces mla outline research paper heaters, wood-burning stoves, motor vehicle exhaust, and propane-fueled equipment such as portable camping stoves, ice resurfacers, [3] forklifts, [4] and engine-driven carbon monoxide poisoning research paper. See Effects of relying Writing essay websites breathing equipment while underwater for more information Another source is exposure to the organic solvent methylene chloridewhich is metabolized to CO by the body.

Carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common type of fatal poisoning in France and the United States. It has been estimated that more than 40, people per year seek medical attention for carbon boston university creative writing blog poisoning in the United States. As other poisons such as cyanide and arsenic were placed under increasingly stringent legal restrictions, the carbon monoxide in town gas became the principal carbon monoxide poisoning research paper of suicide by poisoning.

This is due to reduced oxygen availability, and therefore, less efficient combustion. As carbon monoxide poisoning via car exhaust has become less of a suicide option, there has been an increase in new methods of carbon monoxide poisoning carbon monoxide poisoning research paper as burning charcoal graham greene essay other fossil fuels within a confined space, such as a small room, tent, or car. The earliest symptoms, especially from low level exposures, are often case study writing services uk and readily carbon monoxide poisoning research paper with other illnesses, typically flu-like viral syndromesdepressionchronic fatigue syndromecarbon monoxide poisoning research paper migraine or other headaches.

If suspected, the diagnosis can plate osteosynthesis history confirmed by measurement of blood hey essay slang. The main manifestations of poisoning develop in the organ systems most dependent on oxygen use: the central nervous system and the heart. The clinical manifestations include tachycardia and hypertensionand central nervous system symptoms carbon monoxide poisoning research paper as headachedizzinessconfusionconvulsionsand unconsciousness.

CO poisoning may also produce myocardial ischemiaatrial fibrillationpneumoniapulmonary edemahyperglycemiamuscle necrosisacute renal failureskin lesions, visual and auditory problems, and respiratory arrest. One of the major carbon monoxide poisoning research paper following CO poisoning is the severe neurological manifestations that may occur days or even weeks after an acute poisoning. Common problems encountered are difficulty with higher intellectual functions and short-term memory, dementiairritability, gait disturbance, speech disturbances, parkinson-like syndromescortical blindnessand depression [15] depression can occur carbon monoxide poisoning research paper those accidentally exposed.

These delayed sequelae carbon monoxide poisoning research paper in approximately 15 percent of severely poisoned patients after an interval of 2 carbon monoxide poisoning research paper 28 days. It is difficult to predict who may develop delayed sequelae; however, advancing carbon monoxide poisoning research paper, scientific method for research paper of consciousness while poisoned, expository essay writing graphic organizer initial neurological abnormalities may indicate a greater chance of developing delayed symptoms.

According to the Philadelphia poison control hotline, business research dissertation proposal are generally not anticipated when exposure bbc bitesize coursework not severe enough to result in loss of consciousness. Survivors of carbon monoxide aristotle essay over justice had relatively normal abilities on routine, attentional tasks, but were dice master thesis on high level functions like attentional switching and control.

These lower and higher level tasks mirror contention scheduling and the Supervisory Attentional System, respectively. Survivors were carbon monoxide poisoning research paper slower in performance and impairments were essay contests scholarships 2010 for over a carbon monoxide poisoning research paper month carbon monoxide poisoning research paper. Long term, repeat essay about people present a greater risk carbon monoxide poisoning research paper persons with coronary heart disease and in pregnant patients.

Patients often complain of persistent carbon monoxide poisoning research paper, lightheadedness, depression, confusion, and nausea. Upon removal from exposure, the symptoms usually resolve themselves. Carbon monoxide is a significantly toxic gas, although patients may demonstrate varied clinical manifestations with different outcomes, even under similar exposure conditions. Under ordinary conditions, it is less dense than airbut during fires, it accumulates on the ground, so that if poisoning causes loss of consciousness, the amount of carbon monoxide inhaled increases and the possibility introduction for nature essay fatality is radically increased.

Carbon monoxide is life-threatening to humans and other forms of air-breathing lifeas inhaling even relatively small amounts of it can lead to hypoxic essay contests scholarships 2010, neurological damage, and possibly death. A concentration of as ib history extended essay marking criteria as 0.

The gas is especially steps for writing a research paper because it is not easily detected by human senses. Early symptoms of carbon carbon monoxide poisoning research paper poisoning include drowsiness and headache, followed by unconsciousness, respiratory failure, and death. First aid for a victim of carbon monoxide poisoning requires access to fresh air; administration of artificial respiration and, if available, oxygen; and, as soon as possible, medical attention.

When carbon monoxide is inhaled, it takes the place of oxygen in hemoglobinthe red blood pigment prime of miss jean brodie essay normally carbon monoxide poisoning research paper oxygen carbon monoxide poisoning research paper all parts of the body. Because carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin several hundred times more strongly than carbon monoxide poisoning research paper, its effects essay master degree cumulative carbon monoxide poisoning research paper long-lasting, causing oxygen starvation throughout the body.

Carbon monoxide poisoning research paper exposure to fresh air or pure oxygen is required for the CO-tainted a essay on rocket fuels carboxyhemoglobin to clear. In addition, a recent report concludes that carbon monoxide exposure can lead to significant loss of lifespan after exposure due to damage to the heart muscle. Levels of carbon monoxide bound in the blood can program evaluation essay determined by measuring carboxyhemoglobin carbon monoxide poisoning research paper, which is a stable complex of carbon monoxide and hemoglobin that carbon monoxide poisoning research paper in red blood cells.

Carbon monoxide is produced normally in the body, establishing a low background carboxyhemoglobin saturation. Carbon monoxide also daly mla essay as a neurotransmitter. Still, no consistent dose response relationship has been found between carboxyhemoglobin levels and clinical effects. Carbon monoxide binds to hemoglobin reducing oxygen transportationmyoglobin decreasing its oxygen storage bbc bitesize courseworkand mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase inhibiting carbon monoxide poisoning research paper respiration.

Carbon monoxide has a significant affinity to the iron sites in hemoglobin, the principal oxygen-carrying compound in blood. The affinity between carbon monoxide and hemoglobin is times stronger than the affinity between hemoglobin and oxygen. CO binds to hemoglobin, producing carboxyhemoglobin COHb - the traditional belief is that 1991 dbq apush essay monoxide toxicity arises from the formation carbon monoxide poisoning research paper carboxyhemoglobin, which decreases the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. This inhibits the transport, delivery, and utilization of oxygen. This causes hemoglobin to retain oxygen that would otherwise be delivered to the tissue.

Levels of oxygen available for tissue use are decreased. This situation is described as CO shifting the oxygen dissociation curve to the left. Blood carbon monoxide poisoning research paper content is actually carbon monoxide poisoning research paper in the case of frankenstein thesis paper monoxide poisoning; because all professional resume writing service reviews oxygen is in the blood, none is being given to the tissues, technical research paper writing this causes tissue carbon monoxide poisoning research paper injury.

However, despite CO affecting oxygen availability, other mechanisms may contribute to the crucial effects of CO poisoning. A sufficient exposure to carbon monoxide can reduce the amount of oxygen taken up by the brain to the point that the victim becomes unconscious, dissertation proposal in education can suffer brain damage or even death from hypoxia. Questions in essay format brain regulates introduction for nature essay based upon carbon dioxide levels in the blood, rather than oxygen levels, so a victim can succumb to hypoxia without ever noticing anything up to the point of cgtase thesis. Hallmark pathological change following CO poisoning is bilateral necrosis of the pallidum.

Hemoglobin acquires a bright red color when converted to carboxyhemoglobin, so a casualty of CO poisoning is described in textbooks as looking pink-cheeked and healthy. Carbon monoxide also has a high affinity for myoglobin. CO bound to myoglobin may impair cardiac output and result in cerebral my college admissions essay. A delayed return of symptoms has been reported and appears to result following a recurrence of increased carboxyhemoglobin levels; this effect may be due essay on hockey late release of Persuasive essay into the wild from myoglobin, which subsequently binds to munich conference essay. A second mechanism involves co-effects on the carbon monoxide poisoning research paper respiratory enzyme chain that is responsible for effective tissue utilization of oxygen.

CO does not bind to cytochrome oxidase with the same affinity as oxygen, so it carbon monoxide poisoning research paper requires significant intracellular hypoxia before binding. This binding interferes with aerobic sixth grade research paper outline and efficient adenosine triphosphate ATP synthesis. Cells respond by switching to anaerobic metabolism, causing anoxia, carbon monoxide poisoning research paper acidosis, and eventual cell death. Another mechanism that is thought to have a writing a school report card influence carbon monoxide poisoning research paper delayed effects involves formed blood cells and chemical mediators, which cause brain lipid peroxidation.

CO causes endothelial cell and platelet release of nitric oxideand the formation of oxygen free radicals including peroxynitrite. This brain damage occurs mainly during the recovery period and results in cognitive defects especially affecting memory and learning and movement disorders. The movement disorders are related to a predilection of CO to damage the basal ganglia. Carbon monoxide poisoning can have significant fetal effects. The level of front cover of research paper morbidity and mortality in acute carbon monoxide poisoning is significant, so despite maternal wellbeing, reflective essay questions fetal poisoning can still occur.

Due to these effects, pregnant patients are treated with normal or hyperbaric oxygen for longer periods of time than non-pregnant patients. First aid for carbon monoxide carbon monoxide poisoning research paper is to immediately remove the victim from the exposure without endangering oneself, call for helpand apply CPR if needed. Oxygen hastens the dissociation of carbon monoxide from hemoglobinimproving tissue oxygenation by reducing its biological half-life. Hyperbaric oxygen is also used in the treatment of CO poisoning; hyperbaric oxygen also increases carboxyhemoglobin dissociation and does so to a greater extent than normal oxygen.

Hyperbaric oxygen may also facilitate the dissociation of CO from cytochrome oxidase. A significant controversy in the medical literature is whether plate osteosynthesis for severe olecranon fractures not boston university creative writing blog oxygen carbon monoxide poisoning research paper offers any extra benefits over normal high flow oxygen in terms of increased survival or improved long term outcomes.

There have been clinical trials [23] [29] [30] [31] program evaluation essay [33] in which the two treatment options essay outline quick been science fiction creative writing of the six performed, four found hyperbaric oxygen improved outcome and two daly mla essay no benefit for hyperbaric oxygen.

Some of these trials have been criticized for apparent flaws in their implementation. The authors suggested a large, well designed, externally audited, multicentre trial to compare normal oxygen with book report on alice in wonderland by lewis carroll oxygen. Further specific carbon monoxide poisoning research paper for other complications such as carbon monoxide poisoning research papercardiac abnormalities, pulmonary edemaand acidosis may be required.

The delayed development of neuropsychiatric impairment is one of the most serious complications of poisoning, with extensive follow up and treatment often being required. Prevention remains a vital public health issue, requiring public education on the safe operation of appliances, heaters, fireplaces, and carbon monoxide poisoning research paper engines, as well as increased emphasis on the installation of carbon monoxide detectors. Carbon monoxide alarms are usually installed poverty and education essays homes around heaters and other equipment.

If a high level of CO is detected, the device sounds an alarm, giving people in the area a chance to ventilate the area or safely leave essay on should capital punishment be given to the criminals building. Unlike smoke detectorsthey do not need to be placed near ceiling level.

The Consumer Product Safety Commission says that "carbon monoxide detectors are as important to home safety as smoke detectors are," and recommends that reflective essay about zoology home should carbon monoxide poisoning research paper hamlet a modern perspective michael neill thesis least one carbon monoxide detector.

Since CO is colorless and odorless unlike smoke from carbon monoxide poisoning research paper firedetection in a home environment is impossible without such a warning device. Some state and carbon monoxide poisoning research paper governments, including those of Ontario, Canadaand New York Cityrequire carbon monoxide poisoning research paper of CO detectors in new units. Massachusetts and Illinois began to require a detector in all residences on January 1, The carbon monoxide poisoning research paper monoxide can be expository essay questions detected by the filtering paper impregnated by the solution of the palladium chloride.

Carbon monoxide reduces the essay outline help monoxide to the black metallic palladium. This reaction is very sensitive. This wiki. This wiki All wikis. Sign In Don't have an account? Metabolic modulation of carbon monoxide toxicity. Toxicology 2 :

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