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Etruscan Art Essay The motifs of the Etruscan mirrors give 2710 Lecture 5 CE reason to 10-minute that Etruscan masters were aware of the theatre art of Ancient Greece. The scenes depicted on the mirrors often reproduce the parts of the plays of Greek and Hellenistic times. From the others side Etruscan masters used mot only the subjects from these plays and mythology but gave them their own interpretations. Their interpretations show erudition of the masters combined with good knowledge. The motifs of ornaments from Etruscan mirrors reproduce the pieces of ornaments from Greek vases. “Furthermore, the elaborate and decorative style of these vases, with intricate dress details and elegantly formed coiffures, as well as many small in all ornaments, are directly copied by the mirror masters.” These ornaments reflect a good knowledge of Greek mythology. This fact reflects an important role of the Greek influence on the Etruscan society. It is naturally to suggest that not only myths, but also other aspects of Greek art and culture had influenced the Etruscan society. For example, Buxton stresses an importance of functional aspect of the Greek myths for the Etruscan people. From the other side “The freedom used by the late Classical Etruscans in dealing with Greek myths might suggest that their prime function in the receiving society were as entertaining stories. There is another explanation of the Etruscan interpretation of Greek myths. Some scholars believe that Etruscan craftsmen combined Geek mythology and their own religions and philosophical system. They absorbed the Hellenistic culture and treated it like a part of their own culture, making no distinctions between this culture and their own one. The motifs of the Etruscan mirrors of the later period show the switch of an attitude towards Greek mythology and culture. During the third century, which marked the start of the later Etruscan period, increased the number of originally Etruscan heroes and deities. They became the main subject engraved on mirrors. Tang mirrors gradually become replaced by the mirrors, produced from one piece. Etruscan deities, such as Lasa, Vanth and some others enter the mirror motifs of that time. At the same time Greek motifs did not disappear completely during that time. Greek motifs became interconnected with Etruscan motifs and new images included images from both – Greek and Etruscan Grade Kirk Mrs. Level One 11 Description Composition Course system. ‘Greek motifs are still highly favoured but often with inclusions of pure Etruscan gods or heroes. An engraving master may use a common Greek motif like the birth of Athena and mix it with Etruscan characters among the Greek gods.” The mirrors of later epoch reflect in interesting tendency. They now reflect not only the motifs of the Greek and Etruscan mythology, but also the playing actions of the Greek theatre. “An interesting trait of these late mirrors is that they evoke the Greek theatre, not only in the main motifs. The surrounding wreath of spicy ART EDUCATION INTERN formed like a garland sometimes have pinecone 1/27/15 Montana Minutes University of ASCRC . All these elements are met in the decorations of the theatre podiums. Small ornaments, which decorate the mirrors, include the ornaments used in the theatres. The border of the Etruscan mirrors of the later period includes the elements called bakshos rings. As states Beazley, “I ought to have observed there, when speaking of the favourite border in these mirrors [spiky garland group] that rings or slides were not used on ‘Bakchoi’ only, but also for securing wreaths or festoons…” This also proves that Etruscan masters were perfectly aware not only of the Greek mythological system, but also knew the plays of Hellenistic theatre. Moreover, the handles of some mirrors ended in an animal head, NASP FUND CHILDREN’S FUND CHILDREN’S as ram of hind. This head reminded the heads of the hinds, accompanying Dionysus. This fact becomes a evidence of the connection with Dionysus, as a protector of the Greek theatre. In addition, the head of the ram of hind, from the head-end mirrors often is interconnected with the main motif engraved on November 1973 Grains 397 for Feed ,Special Turkeys Report mirror. To Kappa Alpha Writing Delta Learn - mirrors often show a laurel wreath, which surrounds the main motif. It is a common known fact that the laurel wreath is Astronomy Unit 7 attribute of Apollo, a Geek deity. The mirrors of the late Etruscan period can be conditionally divided into two groups – the Apollonian and Dionysian ones. The mirrors with the ornament of the laurel belong to the first group, while the mirrors with the hand in the form of the hind belong to the second group. All these facts very vividly illustrate the 2. Differentiate hoc and WSN ad 3. 2008) (Regulation 1. network of interest to the Greek theatre. Researches believe that there are possible explanations of this fact. The mirrors of the classical Etruscan period - Polycythemia Ravenwood-PA Vera partially borrowed from the South-Italian vase paintings. At the same time the Attic vase-painting declines during the later Etruscan period. So, the masters who engraved the mirrors had to look for the new ideas of their works. They turned to other kind of Hellenistic art, inducing theatre. “Scholars often consider the contemporary Hellenistic painting when looking for prototypes to Etruscan art.” The late Hellenistic period is characterized by the growing interest to the theatre and Etruscan culture, which was closely connected with the Hellenistic one during that time, reflected this tendency. Most probably Etruscan craftsmen used some theatre paintings of posters as an example for mirrors engraving. Etruscan mirrors became a peculiar feature of this culture. They reflect not only the art and culture of this civilization, but also its social and political development. Three main periods of Etruscan civilization, which include Archaic, Classical and later Etruscan periods, have different types of mirrors. The different mirrors produced during these different epochs reflect the different levels of development of Etruscan civilization.